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Linux Basics Linux is a Unix-like computer operating system. Linux is one of the most prominent examples of free software and open source development; typically all underlying source code can be freely modified, used, and redistributed by anyone.

The Linux kernel was first released to the public on 17 September 1991, for the Intel x86 PC architecture. The kernel was augmented with system utilities and libraries from the GNU project to create a usable operating system, which led to an alternative term, GNU/Linux.

Linux is packaged for different uses in Linux distributions, which contain the sometimes modified kernel along with a variety of other software packages tailored to different requirements.
Linux is a complete operating system that is similar but not identical to UNIX. It runs on a wide variety of hardware, ranging from 386's/486's/Pentium*/etc to more exotic hardware such as Digital Alpha computers, PowerPCs, and Silicon Graphics workstations.
Probably the most unique characterisitc of Linux is that it is freely distributable. Freely distributable means that the source code for the kernel and most software cannot be withheld. It does not mean that companies cannot charge for it.

Contents :-


    Introduction to Linux

    The Unix era
    History of Linux
    Linux today
    Turn off, Restart, Stand By Why Linux?
    What is Linux Distribution?
    Different Linux Distributions
    Some Popular Linux Distributions
    How to Choose a Distribution?
    Downloading Linux

    Installing Linux

    Pre-install Tasks
    Installing Linux
    Post Installation Tasks

    Getting Started With Linux

    Logging into Linux
    Desktop Elements
    Working with Desktop
    Creating new Desktop Folder
    Creating Desktop shortcuts

    Desktop Environments

    X Windows System
    Gnome Desktop Environment
    Other DE and Window Managers

    Linux Office Applications(OpenOffice.Org)

    Using Word Processor
    Spreadsheets and Presentation
    Creating PDF

    Working with Terminal/Shell

    Introduction to Linux Shell
    Starting and Customizing Shell interface
    Basic Shell commands
    Basic File Manipulation commands
    Basic Directory commands
    Using Vi editor
    Using nano text editor

    Multimedia and Games

    Playing a Song on Linux
    Playing Audio CD
    Playing VCD and DVD
    Playing Linux Games

    Internet Tools

    Configuring your Network
    Web Browsers
    Download managers
    IM Clients

    Working with other Linux Applications

    Using Text editor Paint brush & Calculator
    Creating Icon and Taking Screen Shots
    Creating Zip files with File Roller
    Setting Alarm with KAlarm


    Ten Most Popular Linux Distributions
    Using Help

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