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Gardening Tips



GardeningTips


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Outdoor gardening


Home gardeners prefer small garden, as it needs less maintenance, low-cost and also less time and energy. Garden whether small or big to make it forever blooming you need to take special care.

Not only it gives a pictorial value to your property but also if you can grow vegetables then it is a valuable thing in these mechanical days. You can even store some and use it in the off-season time.

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Here in different sections we have given plenty of information of the different gardening tips that should be adopted on different situations like in distinct climatic conditions, in different zones and in various surroundings. We have provided tips on both outdoor gardening and also about indoor home gardening.

Small garden is very popular among home gardeners especially in outdoor gardening but small garden is not without hassles. The space is quite less in small garden so it is quite natural that the place becomes minutely filled up with the desired plants of gardener's choice.

As they are grown close to each other in small garden these houseplant needs care and extra attention from pests, as there are more chances of being infected.

Even an experienced gardener needs to know about the updated tips and techniques of gardening in order to expand his knowledge. And this knowledge will help him in the field though he will have his own experiences and observations, on indoor or outdoor gardening, which will in the course of time, strengthen his knowledge on house plants.


Cactus plant care


Potting

Cactus should be placed under adequate sunlight.

• They should be sowed in pots having a good drainage system.

• Remove one inch of soil form the top. Replace it with gravel.

• The soil should be a mixture of sand, peat and perlite.

Cactus growing vertically should be sowed in container whose diameter is half the height of the plant.

Cacti that are growing breadth wise should be grown on containers, which are having 2 inches of diameter extra than the plant.

• Recently sowed or repotted plants have more chances of getting rot.

• The soil should be dry enough while the sowing or repotting is been done. Watering should be done after a week so that the roots are healed within the time.

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Cactus grows very slowly. Some cactus takes a year to germinate and to know how they look like it takes again some years. They can breed through branches or from a part of the plant. The part of the plant is removed from the main plant and dried for 2 weeks. After the cut portion is healed then it is planted in shallow soil.

Watering

Cactus needs less watering so water them when they dry out. It is better to use clay pots without any glaze, as it needs less water than glazed or plastic pots.

Most of the cactus plant type requires a period for rest so that they can flower the rest of the year. The exact time required for cactus plant keeps varying but in general it is within three months. They are quite friendly to the chill weather and during the winter they should be watered less with no fertilizer application.


Growing Chrysanthemum flowers


• While buying chrysanthemums select plants having plenty flower buds. It is better not to choose a fully bloomed plant, as their span of blooming is shorter than the partially blooming chrysanthemums.

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• Separate the branches from one another and sow the stems of perennial flowers, which are having healthy roots.

• The adequate soil of this fall flower is well-drained soil. You need to add compost to the soil once a year.

• Apply one-pound fertilizer per 100 square feet of chrysanthemum bed during the growing time to have a full blooming garden of chrysanthemums. The fertilizer should be mixed within 6 inches of the soil to have a healthy growth.

• The flowers should be sowed 18 to 24 inches apart form each other. The specific variety of chrysanthemum needs 30 inches of spacing from one another.

• After these fall perennial flowers are six inches long strip off one or two inches of the stem. The practice of stripping off an inch of the stem should be continued till the beginning days of August.

This is done to have bushy low plants. Don't do the stripping very late because then the stem will not be long enough for the blooming of fall chrysanthemums.

• Do thorough watering so that the roots evenly absorb the fertilizer.


Dwarf Plants


If maintaining a garden has become quite hectic for you then we have a tip for you. Small outdoor plants will not only design your garden, but as they are naturally trimmed you don't have the trouble of pruning.

Dwarf plants generally spreads to a height and breadth of six to eight feet giving enough space to the gardener. It also provides a perfect shape to your garden without any hassles. You can plant little plants in your small garden in the gateway of your house or below the low-heightened windows.

You can also use them for box plantings. Don't plant it to mark the boundary or plant them at distance, as they are small plants and can't be visible from distance.

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These little plants are quite friendly to the shaded areas. They even grow easily under the direct sunlight. It grows well in pot or tubs and or as ground covers. As they are small in height they can make a good combination with other plant. If desired they can be planted singly.

Some of the famous little plants are dwarf junipers, pyracantha, nandina, pittosporum, gardenia, bamboo, barberry, sasanqua, crape myrtle, pomegranate, yucca and holly. Some dwarf plants like full shaded area. They are holly fern, fatsia, aucuba, dwarf azalea, mahonia, holly malpighia and vinca.

Others dwarf plants require adequate sunlight. They are junipers, hollies, barberry, pomegranate, crape myrtle, pyracantha, and dwarf natal plum. There are some dwarf plants that require partial sunlight and partial shade.

Dwarf yaupon holly, many hollies, nandina, japanese black pine, japanese purple honeysuckle, Indian hawthorne, boxwood, pittosporum, coontie and dwarf sasanqua falls under this category.

Dwarfs that are suitable for pots or tubs are holly fern, fatsia, dwarf yaupon, dwarf nandina, aucuba, japanese black pine, dwarf yucca, and dwarf bamboo. These dwarf plants are tough enough to survive in the chill weather.


Fragrant Flowers


Some times there are so many things to be taken care of while designing a garden that we just overlook it. Just as the lushly greenery is quite rejuvenating to the mind and body similarly a heavenly scented garden is a solace to the heart after the struggling turmoil of the day.

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Flowers are not the only source of fragrance though they are the most common one. Fragrance can also be found in roots, oils, leaves, stalks and even seeds. It is seen in general that fragrant flowers are not bright-colored. For a fragrant flower garden always select flowers that are having thick petals as their texture. Flowers like citrus, magnolia and gardenia are the best examples.

There is a wide variety in the degree of fragrance of the same flower. It differs due to the changes in temperature, moisture content in the atmosphere. The degree of the fragrance of the flowers also depends on the time of the day and the time period of the flower blooming.

For example roses smell sweet in mild damp morning and the scent reaches at it ultimate height during the afternoon and by the night the fragrance of the roses ends up. The jasmine flower can be planted in terrace or below the window of your bedroom so that the sweet smell can soothe your soul.

Tips on Interpolating vegetables

• Select the number and variety of vegetables to be sown according to your creative interest.

• For a fruitful interplanting vegetable garden sow some longtime vegetables like tomatoes or winter squash. And between them plant the short time vegetables. Example-: plant caged tomatoes with scallions, melons with sweet corn, lettuce with pole beans etc.

• Inter planting garden is not a common garden with straight rows. But it has path around the interplanted areas. This design also gives an aesthetic value to the eyes.

• There is a disadvantage in the technique of inter planting. There are more chances of plants getting infected. As in this technique the plants are sometimes over stuffed. Don't grow radishes or lettuce with tomatoes.

• The inter plant area should have enough space as when the vegetables grow they doesn't fruit on each other. They can surely touch each other. Also the area has to be quite brief so that you can go from one vegetable area to another by just going across it easily.

• A successful method of interplanting is sowing plant in squared sections. The area of your garden in divided into square foot inches. In each section you can plan and sow seeds like you can grow 16 radishes, nine beets in one section and some radishes and one cabbage in the other section.

• Another advantage of interplanting technique is that it prevents the growth of weeds. But still you have to take care and prevent it by pulling the weeds by hand or by using onion hoes. You can also apply mulch, which will prevent the weed growth and also fulfill the water requirement.


Plant for Screening


Privacy is some thing that everyone wants. No matter whether you are in the living room, bedroom or loitering in the garden you will surely want to avoid the unwanted attention and disturbances.

In garden you grow plant for screening from the outsiders which not only gives comfort to your eyes but it also acts as a sound barrier. Plant screen are meant for privacy from the outsiders and also it prevents the neighbor's pets to come and make a mess in your landscape.

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Plant screens are also useful to hide the garbage can, clothesline and other service area, which generally we don't prefer to be visible to any outsider. Be careful while growing trees on the roadside.

They can certainly be ideal screens to protect your privacy but sometime the branches may spread to the road, which might cause some traffic inconvenience.

Tall trees can also be sound barrier. They will break the sound wave and make them change direction. Even if it reaches to your ears it looses it intensity to some extent. So these trees can become a barrier to the loud sounds of vehicles if your house is near the highway.

You can also use plants to decorate your fences. Vines and shrubs grown to cover the fence not only deck the garden but it also protects by being a cover to the bare fence.

But for little space artificial screens or fence are more advisable than the natural ones. You can get all the details on fences in our other sections.

Plants used for screening

Her are some of the plants that can be planted for screening your garden

• Abelia
• Azalea
• Butterfly-bush
• Camellia
• Ixora
• Jasmines
• Plumbago
• Oleander
• Feijoa



Alpine Plants In Container


If there is a scarcity of space then you can simply bring your garden to your room. It will of course fancy your pastime. And the best option among houseplants is the alpine plants.

You must be surprised that how a rock garden can be made in room but growing an indoor alpine garden is very easy. They grow slowly and so it is best to be grown in a living room in containers like troughs or sinks.

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Here are the names of some common alpine plants that can be grown in containers. It will give a colorful green picture to your room.

• Juniperus communis 'Compressa - is an ever-growing conifer

• Thymus x citriodorus 'Archer's Gold - It has delicate fragrant golden leaves and blooms with pink-white flowers in June and July.

• Saxifraga 'Mossy Pink' - It is a heap of greenery blooming filled up with pink flowers.

• Sempervivum tomentosum - It forms a small mound with its silver leaves which gives the garden a glittering effect.

• Sedum 'Coral Carpet' - Serene white flowers bloom and bronze colored leaves peep out of it in June and July.


Shrub In Container


Growing shrubs in container will give a variety and unique design to your garden. Container with shrub trees can decorate both your outdoor and indoor also. Here is some information on container, which are required for shrub trees, and also some plant that can be grown in container.

Steps for growing shrubs in container

1. Selecting container for shrubs


Choose a container large enough to give your shrub's roots room to grow and weighty enough to balance the top-heavy growth. If you intend to leave the shrub outside all year round, make sure the container is fully frost-proof.

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Wooden half-barrels are the ideal container for large shrubs but the wood should be of good quality otherwise the wood will fall apart and the pot will break as the shrub grows.

Compost

Peat based multipurpose compost are not suitable for the growth of shrubs. Loam-based compost is the ideal ones as they are more capable of taking care of the nutrients.

Drainage

• First check that your container has several draining holes. You can make the holes large or drill new holes in wooden and plastic pots.

• Layer 3 inches of broken terracotta pieces or polystyrene plant trays at the base of the container before filling it with compost. Polystyrene plant trays pieces decrease the weight of the pots.

• Well-drained soil helps in the development of the roots and too much water in the root of the plant are more intended for frost damage.

• You can also make the pot stand on the terracotta stand or on wooden pieces. If the pot is kept elevated from the ground level then the drainage facility works undisturbed.


Trellis structure


Again we have come with another innovative planting tip which is very important for every home gardeners who always strives for a healthy blooming fruitful garden.

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Steps before positioning the trellis

There are different designs of trellis that can be ideal for your home garden. But selecting the ideal type of trellis depends on what type of plants will be climbing on it. While choosing the right design of trellis for your garden it is a better option to choose a strong trellis, which is also beautiful enough to embellish your garden.

Trellises can be metallic wooden or of plastic like PVC pipe. Metallic posts are better than the wooden ones as they last long and doesn't get damaged easily. If you insist on wooden post it is better to layer it with a preservative.

On top of the posts you can spread plastic or string net or chicken wire net. But chicken wire net has a disadvantage. Removing dead plants form chicken wire net can be a troublesome job. Long Bamboo poles can be used to climb pole beans

Some information on trellis structure

• Plants should be trained to climb on trellises while they are small. Attach string on the plants and make them climb the trellis

Trellis structures should be located on the north side of the garden so that the other plants are not overshadowed.

• It is better to use vertical trellis if there is a space problem.

Advantages and disadvantages of the trellis structure

Vegetables grown with the support of trellis are easier to pluck and don't get rot easily. It is because it has less contact with the soil.

• Air is circulated more and it results in the healthy growth of the vegetables.

Trellises can also take care of your privacy by providing you a sort of screen from unwanted attention.

• Also it can be a cool shade during the summer and give a relief from the scorching sun.

Growing plants on trellises are not without disadvantages.

Trellises should be strong enough for the windy places.

• Plant that are not naturally climbers you need to train them so that they can climb the trellises.

• Heavy fruit and vegetables will require more support while grown on trellises.

• Thorough -watering is required for trellis-plants, as water is been absorbed quickly in this growth technique.

• As trellis plants are more open to wind so it prevents pollination. So it affects the flower plants especially.



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